In Trees4Trees™ plantings a diverse range of timber species are encouraged so that benefits can be maximized for program participants and the environment. Through planting tree species that mature at different ages we can assist growers to derive income from the harvesting of different tree species at different intervals through the life of the plantings. Integration of fruiting tree species provide additional benefits and potential income or sustenance sources.
Trees4Trees™ is providing tree seedlings of species that have high commercial timber demand to program participants. Species include Teak, Mahogany, Mango, Albizia, Sonokeling, Suren and Mindi.
These species are used in the plantings due to their: growth suitability, extended planting use in Central Java and their commercial demand / appeal. Tree species are matched to grower needs / intent, site conditions and market potential.
Groups of forest trees are planted at a spacing of 3m x 2m grid. Planting at this stocking rate encourages good tree form and allows provision for tree selection and thinning to be undertaken to optimize growth and maximize wood production.
Fruit trees are planted at a spacing of 6m x 6m. At present, it is assumed that this is a fixed planting density till the end of the cycle i.e. no thinning will be undertaken in the planting during the life of the rotation.
Successful establishment of the plantings requires that healthy tree seedlings be planted correctly, adequate soil moisture is maintained, pest and diseases are kept at bay and that weed control is undertaken to reduce competition for resources. The first 3 years is the critical period when maintenance has to be done intensively.